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HEY EVERYONE HOW ARE YOU ALL?
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===Alice Cullen===
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'''Alice Cullen''' (born '''Mary Alice Brandon''') is the adopted daughter of Carlisle and Esme, adoptive sister of Edward, Rosalie, and Emmett, and wife of Jasper. Alice is described as being petite and pixie-like, with a graceful gait and hair that is short, spiky, and black. Her special ability is to see the future, an enhanced version of her ability to have premonitions as a human. However, her ability is limited; she is only able to see the outcome of a decision once it is made. Due to this, decisions made in the spur of the moment can not be foreseen. Alice can see futures involving humans and vampires, but is unable to see those of werewolves or half-breeds, such as Renesmee. In ''Breaking Dawn'', Alice theorizes that she can see vampires very clearly because she is one, can see humans somewhat less clearly because she was one, and cannot see werewolves or half-breeds because she never was one. Alice is portrayed as being bubbly and optimistic, and loves and cares for Bella like a sister. She is also close to her brother Edward, and enjoys shopping, make-overs, and throwing parties. Alice's early history is vague, as she remembers nothing about her human life and woke up alone as a vampire. It is eventually revealed that she was born around 1901 in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biloxi,_Mississippi <u>Biloxi, Mississippi</u>], and was committed to an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychiatric_hospital <u>asylum</u>] because she had [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premonition <u>premonitions</u>]. Alice was transformed by an old vampire who worked at the asylum to protect her from James, a tracker vampire who was hunting her. After some research, Alice found her grave and discovered that the date on her tombstone matches the date of her admission to the asylum. Through her research she additionally discovered that she had a younger sister named Cynthia, and that Cynthia's daughter, Alice's niece, is still alive in Biloxi.
   
'''Alice Cullen''' (born '''Mary Alice Brandon''') is the adopted daughter of Carlisle and Esme, adoptive sister of Edward, Rosalie, and Emmett, and wife of Jasper. Alice is described as being petite and pixie-like, with a graceful gait and hair that is short, spiky, and black. Her special ability is to see the future, an enhanced version of her ability to have premonitions as a human. However, her ability is limited; she is only able to see the outcome of a decision once it is made. Due to this, decisions made in the spur of the moment can not be foreseen. Alice can see futures involving humans and vampires, but is unable to see those of werewolves or half-breeds, such as Renesmee. In ''Breaking Dawn'', Alice theorizes that she can see vampires very clearly because she is one, can see humans somewhat less clearly because she was one, and cannot see werewolves or half-breeds because she never was one. Alice is portrayed as being bubbly and optimistic, and loves and cares for Bella like a sister. She is also close to her brother Edward, and enjoys shopping, make-overs, and throwing parties. Alice's early history is vague, as she remembers nothing about her human life and woke up alone as a vampire. It is eventually revealed that she was born around 1901 in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biloxi,_Mississippi Biloxi, Mississippi], and was committed to an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychiatric_hospital asylum] because she had [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premonition premonitions]. Alice was transformed by an old vampire who worked at the asylum to protect her from James, a tracker vampire who was hunting her. After some research, Alice found her grave and discovered that the date on her tombstone matches the date of her admission to the asylum. Through her research she additionally discovered that she had a younger sister named Cynthia, and that Cynthia's daughter, Alice's niece, is still alive in Biloxi.
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Throughout ''Twilight'', Alice uses her ability to see the future and help Bella when she is in danger. The two soon become friends, loving each other like sisters. In ''New Moon'', Alice foresees Bella jumping off a cliff and assumes she is trying to commit suicide, though Bella actually was partaking in the sport of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cliff_diving <u>cliff diving</u>]. Rosalie, believing Bella to be dead, informs Edward. After discovering the truth, Bella accompanies Alice to Italy to prevent Edward from killing himself. They are successful, but are taken to see the Volturi, who police the vampire world. Through Alice's premonitions, Aro is able to see that Bella will eventually become a vampire and invites her, Alice, and Edward to stay with them. They all refuse and return to Forks. In ''Eclipse'', Alice, who proves to be an adept fighter, joins the fight to destroy a group of rampaging newborn vampires, created by Victoria in an effort to take revenge on Edward. Alice acts as Bella's maid of honor at her wedding in ''Breaking Dawn'' and helps care for Renesmee until leaving to search out a crossbreed after the Volturi plan to destroy Renesmee, believing her to be an immortal child. Alice is successful and the Volturi, convinced there is no threat, leave.
   
Throughout ''Twilight'', Alice uses her ability to see the future and help Bella when she is in danger. The two soon become friends, loving each other like sisters. In ''New Moon'', Alice foresees Bella jumping off a cliff and assumes she is trying to commit suicide, though Bella actually was partaking in the sport of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cliff_diving cliff diving]. Rosalie, believing Bella to be dead, informs Edward. After discovering the truth, Bella accompanies Alice to Italy to prevent Edward from killing himself. They are successful, but are taken to see the Volturi, who police the vampire world. Through Alice's premonitions, Aro is able to see that Bella will eventually become a vampire and invites her, Alice, and Edward to stay with them. They all refuse and return to Forks. In ''Eclipse'', Alice, who proves to be an adept fighter, joins the fight to destroy a group of rampaging newborn vampires, created by Victoria in an effort to take revenge on Edward. Alice acts as Bella's maid of honor at her wedding in ''Breaking Dawn'' and helps care for Renesmee until leaving to search out a crossbreed after the Volturi plan to destroy Renesmee, believing her to be an immortal child. Alice is successful and the Volturi, convinced there is no threat, leave.
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashley_Greene <u>Ashley Greene</u>] plays Alice in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) ''<u>Twilight</u>''] film series.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-first_0-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Twilight_characters#cite_note-first-0 <u>[1]</u>]</sup>
   
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashley_Greene Ashley Greene] plays Alice in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) ''Twilight''] film series.
 
   
=== Carlisle Cullen ===
 
'''Carlisle Cullen''' (also known as '''Stregone Benefice''') is Esme's husband and Edward, Rosalie, Emmett, Alice, and Jasper's [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adoptive adoptive] father. His first appearance was in ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel) Twilight]'' and his physical age is 23. Carlisle is described to look like a model; he has blond hair, and is slender but muscular. Carlisle theorizes that when a human is turned into a vampire, they will have an enhanced ability from their previous life. He believes he brought [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compassion compassion] from his human life. Carlisle has had centuries to perfect his medicinal talents, therefore making him an excellent doctor. Unlike most vampires, he is not at all tempted by the scent of human blood, due to the over 300 years he has spent holding back his temptations. Carlisle Cullen was the son of an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglican Anglican] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pastor pastor], born in 1640s [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London,_England London, England], during a time of religious upheaval. His father and other pastors hunted creatures such as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Witches witches], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werewolves werewolves], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampires vampires], often mistaking humans for them. As his father grew older, Carlisle assumed his role. One night, he was attacked by a vampire and left to die on the streets. Knowing he would be rejected by society, he hid himself and silently endured the painful transformation, emerging as a vampire. Horrified by what he had become, he tried killing himself many different ways, but all failed due to his power. One night, unable to endure hunger any longer, he fed on some passing deer. Subsequently realizing he could avoid feeding on humans, he committed himself to resisting his blood lust and to becoming a doctor.
 
   
For a short time, Carlisle lived with the Volturi, though he eventually left and traveled to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Of_America New World]. While treating patients with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_flu Spanish Influenza], he met an ill woman who begged him to save her dying son, Edward. Out of loneliness, Carlisle transformed Edward into a vampire, and Edward became his companion. Soon after, in 1921, Carlisle moved to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wisconsin Wisconsin] where he treated Esme after her failed suicide attempt brought on by her infant son's death. Carlisle felt compelled to save her and transformed her into a vampire, subsequently falling in love with her, and later marrying her. Carlisle then transformed Rosalie Hale, a young woman nearly killed by her drunken fiancé and his friends in Rochester, New York, and left in the street to die. Later, while hunting, Rosalie found a young man named Emmett who had been mauled by a bear, and carried him over 100 miles to Carlisle. Carlisle then transformed Emmett, since Rosalie was unwilling to do it herself, fearing her blood lust would overwhelm her. After Carlisle changed Emmett, Carlisle and his family moved to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoquiam,_Washington Hoquiam, Washington] where the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quileute Quileute] Native American tribe offered the Cullens a treaty: the Quileutes would leave them alone if the Cullen family never attacked any humans or trespassed on Quileute land. The Cullens agreed and lived in relative peace until they had to move on. Between the Cullens' first and second stay in Forks, Alice and Jasper joined his coven as well, having found Carlisle on their own. Throughout the ''Twilight'' saga, Carlisle works as a doctor, acting as the coven leader and offering medical advice and help when Bella is pregnant in ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]''.
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Facinelli Peter Facinelli] plays Carlisle in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) ''Twilight''] film series.
 
 
=== Esme Cullen ===
 
'''Esme Cullen''' (born '''Esme Platt''' and later '''Esme Evenson''') is Carlisle Cullen's wife and the adoptive mother of Edward, Rosalie, Emmett, Alice, and Jasper. She enjoys restoring old houses and her physical age is 26. She has no special power, but has a strong ability to love passionately. Esme is described as having caramel-colored hair; she also has a heart-shaped face with dimples, and her figure is slender, but rounded and soft. Esme was born in 1895 in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus,_Ohio Columbus, Ohio], where she was treated at the age of 16 by Carlisle after breaking her leg when climbing a tree. She married Charles Evenson, but was abused by him. After finding out she was pregnant, she ran away and gave birth to a son, who subsequently died a few days later. Grief-stricken by his death, Esme attempted to kill herself by jumping off a cliff. Presumed dead, she was brought to a morgue. Carlisle, who remembered treating her years before, was able to sense her heartbeat and transformed her into a vampire. Esme fell in love and married Carlisle soon after. She loves her adoptive children as much as she did her own son, but still grieves that she is unable to bear children.
 
 
Esme is present throughout the entire ''Twilight'' series, revealing her past to Bella during the Cullens' baseball game in ''Twilight''. Esme treats Bella as her own daughter, comforting her after several traumatic events. In ''Breaking Dawn'', it is revealed that Esme owns a South American island named "Isle Esme" that was purchased for her by Carlisle, and where Edward and Bella spend their honeymoon.
 
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Reaser Elizabeth Reaser] plays Esme in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) ''Twilight''] film series.
 
 
=== Rosalie Hale ===
 
'''Rosalie Hale''' is the adopted daughter of Esme and Carlisle, adoptive sister of Edward, Alice, and Jasper, and wife of Emmett. Her physical age is 18, and she was born in 1915 in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rochester,_New_York Rochester, New York], as the daughter of a banker. Rosalie is described as being the most beautiful person in the world, even for a vampire; she is tall, statuesque, and has long, wavy blonde hair. As a human, Rosalie was described as a woman who had beauty, elegance, class, and eyes resembling violets. Royce King II took an interest in her and soon the two became engaged. Rosalie was extremely envious of her good friend Vera and her baby boy and, while on a visit, noticed that she did not share the same relationship with Royce as Vera did with her husband. Dismissing it, Rosalie later walked home and met an intoxicated Royce and his friends. Royce bragged about his fiancée's beauty, leading to her being beaten, presumably raped, and left to die. Carlisle, coming across her, decided to change her into a vampire. After her transformation, she tortured and killed those who had beaten her, including Royce, but did not drink their blood.
 
 
When Rosalie first appears in ''Twilight'' she is mean to Bella, jealous of her humanity, and not wanting Bella to choose a life as a vampire. Rosalie is vain, self-centered, and wishes to be human and have children, so much so that she would give up her immortality and beauty for it. In ''New Moon'', she mistakenly reports to Edward that Bella is dead after she supposedly commits suicide, though Bella was actually just partaking in the sport of cliff-diving. Edward thus proceeds to travel to Italy, desiring to have the Volturi kill him. In ''Eclipse'', Rosalie reveals her past to Bella with the hopes that she will choose to stay human. She also joins the fight against a group of savage newborn vampires. In ''Breaking Dawn'', Bella contacts Rosalie after finding out she is pregnant, knowing that Rosalie has always wanted children. She stays by Bella's side throughout the pregnancy, defending her choice to keep the baby. Rosalie acts as a guardian to the child, Renesmee, taking care of her while Bella is going through her transformation into a vampire. When the Volturi plot to destroy Renesmee, Rosalie helps gather vampire nomads to provide evidence that Renesmee isn't a danger.
 
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikki_Reed Nikki Reed] plays Rosalie in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) ''Twilight''] film series.
 
 
=== Emmett Cullen ===
 
'''Emmett Cullen''' (born '''Emmett McCarty''') is Rosalie's husband, Carlisle and Esme's adopted son, and Edward, Alice, and Jasper's adoptive brother. Emmett is described as being tall, burly, extremely muscular, and, to most humans, the most intimidating of his adoptive siblings. He has slightly curly dark hair and dimpled cheeks.
 
 
Emmett was 20 and living in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gatlinburg,_Tennessee Gatlinburg, Tennessee], in 1935 when he was mauled by a bear. The injuries from the attack were severe and he was found by Rosalie, who had been hunting in the area at the time. Rosalie, who was reminded of her friend's baby having the same curls, dimples, and innocent appearance, carried him over a hundred miles to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appalachia,_Virginia Appalachia] where Carlisle Cullen was, asking him to spare Emmett's life by turning him into a vampire. Emmett joined Carlisle's coven, but initially had trouble adjusting to the family's diet of animal blood. In ''Twilight'', Emmett is at first wary of Bella, but eventually warms up to her. He often teases her for her clumsiness and constant blushing, and votes in favor of her becoming a vampire in ''New Moon''. In ''Breaking Dawn'' Emmett jokingly makes innuendos about Bella's sex life, until being silenced when she defeats him in an arm wrestling match.
 
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kellan_Lutz Kellan Lutz] plays Emmett in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) ''Twilight''] film series.
 
 
=== Jasper Hale ===
 
'''Jasper Hale''' (born '''Jasper Whitlock''') is the adopted son of Carlisle and Esme, adoptive brother of Edward, Emmett, and Rosalie, and husband of Alice - he takes the name Hale to pass as Rosalie's sibling. He was born in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas Texas] and joined the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_States_Army Confederate States Army] in 1861 to serve in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_War Civil War]. Due to his extremely charismatic personality, he ascended through the ranks quickly. Jasper was turned into a vampire in 1863 by a vampire named Maria when he was 20 years old. As a vampire, he gained the ability to manipulate the emotions of those around him. Recognizing his high rank in the army, Maria decided to change him into a vampire to help her claim territory in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monterrey Monterrey]. Jasper's responsibility was to train young vampires and then kill them when they were no longer useful (about a year after their transformation- when their strength began to fade). After about a century of this, he grew weary of the lifestyle and joined an old friend, Peter, and his mate Charlotte. Jasper left the two eventually, not wanting to feed on humans because he could feel his prey's emotions as they died. Alice, foreseeing that they would be together, met him in a half-empty diner in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philadelphia Philadelphia], and together they sought out the Cullen family. Due to his past, where he was able to feed on humans whenever he chose, Jasper lacks strong self-control. However, in ''Eclipse'' it is suggested that the "vegetarian" lifestyle is not Jasper's first choice and that this also affects his self-control. He is described as tall with honey blond hair, and is muscular but lean. His body is covered with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crescent crescent]-shaped scars, after the many years of fighting and training newborn vampires.
 
 
In ''Twilight'', Jasper accompanies Alice and Bella when they are hiding from James. He uses his ability to calm Bella when she is stressed or afraid. In ''New Moon'', he attacks Bella after she gets a paper cut, prompting the Cullen family to leave Forks to protect Bella. In ''Eclipse'', Jasper teaches the werewolves and vampires fighting techniques to defend themselves against newborn vampires. In ''Breaking Dawn'', Jasper leaves with Alice to find a vampire-human hybrid, and returns with her to defend Renesmee from the Volturi.
 
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackson_Rathbone Jackson Rathbone] plays Jasper in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) ''Twilight''] film series.
 
 
=== Renesmee Cullen ===
 
'''Renesmee "Nessie" Carlie Cullen''' is the half-[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampire vampire], half-[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human human] daughter of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Cullen Edward Cullen] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan Bella Swan], born on September 10, three days before Bella's nineteenth birthday in ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]''. Her name is derived from the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amalgamation_(names) amalgamation] of the names of Bella's mother, Renée, and Edward's adoptive mother, Esme. Her middle name, Carlie, is a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portmanteau portmanteau] of the names Carlisle, Edward's adoptive father, and Charlie, Bella's father. She has the same facial features and hair color as Edward, but has her grandfather, Charlie Swan's, curly hair, and brown eyes like Bella. Bella and Jacob describe her as being the most beautiful person in the world, even though she is so young. Her heart pumps blood, giving her a blush, and her pale skin glows in the sunlight. Her skin is warm and soft to the touch, but it is as strong as a vampire's. Renesmee can survive on either blood or human food, though she prefers blood, and she does not produce venom. Her special abilities are transmitting thoughts to others by touching their skin and penetrating shields, the opposite abilities of each of her parents. Renesmee rapidly grows both mentally and physically, able to speak only seven days after her birth, and by the end of ''Breaking Dawn'' she can read, run, hunt, and perform other tasks at advanced levels for her young age. Her intelligence stuns everyone - Bella and Edward especially - as she is able to understand what is happening around her when the Volturi arrive. Jacob Black nicknames her "Nessie" because he considers her full name to be a mouthful, though Bella strongly dislikes her child being nicknamed "after the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loch_Ness_Monster Loch Ness Monster]". However, by the book's end, all the characters adopt this shortened version. She will reach physical maturity after about seven years, when her physical appearance will be around seventeen, and then stop aging.
 
 
After Jacob Black imprints on Renesmee, Irina, a vampire from another coven, sees Renesmee and believes she is an "immortal child", a young child who had been bitten by a vampire. She informs the Volturi, as immortal children are not permitted to live, due to their unpredictable nature. Intent on killing Renesmee and all the Cullens, the Volturi travel to Forks. However, the Cullen family members gather witnesses from around the world to prove that Renesmee is not an immortal child. Alice brings another half-breed, 150-year-old Nahuel, who explains that half-breeds pose no danger to the vampires. Convinced that Renesmee is not a threat, the Volturi leave, and Renesmee and her family is left in peace.
 
 
== Vampires ==
 
In ''Twilight'', [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampires vampires] deviate from traditional myth in many ways, a fact often alluded to in the series, usually for humor. Meyer has said she did not research vampire mythology before writing the series. For example, they are unharmed by garlic, holy items, or wooden stakes; they have reflections, and are able to be out during daylight. Vampires are also capable of eating human food, though their bodies are unable to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digest digest] it and they must cough it up later. They do not have to breathe, but typically find it uncomfortable to be without a sense of smell.
 
 
All vampires possess supernatural beauty, allowing them to lure in prey. Their skin is flawless and has the texture and feel of marble; in direct sunlight it sparkles. Newborn vampires have bright red eyes, though they fade to a deeper crimson over the course of a year. If a vampire chooses to drink human blood, the most revitalizing kind of blood for a vampire, then their eyes will be deep crimson. If they feed on animal blood, like the Cullens, their eyes are golden in color. Regardless of meal preference, all vampires' eyes grow darker with thirst, eventually fading to black, and they only tire from lack of blood. All vampires are described as having [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superhuman_strength superhuman strength], with the ability to uproot trees, throw cars, and crush metal. Newborn vampires are known to be exceptionally strong during their first year because of the excessive amount of human blood still in their systems. Vampires have very keen senses and are able to see and hear clearly for miles and move with such speed that they become a blur to human eyes. They are [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immortal immortal] and difficult to destroy, only permanently killed when [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dismembered dismembered] and then burned, as their body parts continue to move even after being detached. Vampires are unable to sleep, and thus spend all days and nights awake. After the transformation from human to vampire, a certain ability becomes enhanced, sometimes resulting in a specialized skill. While not definite, the theory behind these special abilities is that the power is reminiscent of the individual's original personality. Some vampires have no special abilities, and instead have a prominent personality or physical trait from their human life magnified.
 
 
=== The Volturi ===
 
The vampire coven known as the '''Volturi''' live in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volterra,_Italy Volterra], Italy. They are regarded as "royalty" by other vampires because they have lived for well over three thousand years and act as police, enforcing the rule that vampires' existence remain a secret from humans. They often send emissaries or enforcers from Volterra to prevent overzealous covens and renegade vampires from exposing their kind. They are guarded by several powerful vampires who have been recruited for their powers and skills. Carlisle once stayed with the coven as a guest, but left due to his desire to avoid harming humans and established his own coven in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States United States]. At the end of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) New Moon]'', the Volturi discover that Bella, a human, has learned that vampires exist and demand that she become a vampire or else be killed. In ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'', the vampire Irina goes to the Volturi and warns them that the Cullens have created an immortal child after seeing Edward and Bella's daughter, Renesmee, hunting close to the Cullens' house. The Volturi coven travel to Forks to destroy Renesmee, but leave when they are outfaced by the group gathered there.
 
 
The Volturi leaders include Aro, who can read every thought a person has ever had once he has made physical contact, Marcus, who senses relationships, and Caius, who has no known power. Aro's wife, Sulpicia, Caius' wife, Athenodora, and formerly Marcus' wife, Didyme, who had the power to make others happy, also act as leaders. The Volturi guard consists of 32 members, including Jane, who creates illusions of pain; Alec, who is able to block the others' senses; Demetri, who can track anyone once he has the tenor of their mind; Chelsea, who can change emotional bondings; and Renata, who can make anyone feel distracted and wandering when they are near her (classified as a "shield"). The majority of the Volturi remain nameless throughout the series. There is also a human secretary named Gianna who appears in ''New Moon''. Despite her hopes to become a vampire, she is killed by the Volturi by the events of ''Breaking Dawn''. The Volturi have invited Carlisle, Edward, Alice, Kate, Benjamin, Zafrina, and Bella to join them, though all have refused.
 
 
In the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon film], the cast of the Volturi includes [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Sheen Michael Sheen] as Aro; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamie_Campbell_Bower Jamie Campbell Bower] as Caius; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Heyerdahl Christopher Heyerdahl] as Marcus; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_Fanning Dakota Fanning] as Jane; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cameron_Bright Cameron Bright] as Alec; [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charlie_Bewley&action=edit&redlink=1 Charlie Bewley] as Demetri; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Cudmore Daniel Cudmore] as Felix; and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noot_Seear Noot Seear] as Heidi. Fanning, Bright, Charlie Bewley, and Cudmore will reprise their roles in the 2010 film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(2010_film) Eclipse]''.
 
 
=== James ===
 
The major antagonist of the novel ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel) Twilight]'', '''James''' is depicted as a merciless "tracker" vampire who hunts human beings or, in some cases, animals, for sport. Fellow coven member Laurent says that James is unusually gifted at what he does and always gets what he wants, though it is later revealed that a then-human Alice Cullen escaped his clutches some time ago by being turned into a vampire before James could attack. Unlike the Cullen family, he drinks human blood as his food source. Towards the end of ''Twilight'', James is dismembered and set on fire (thus permanently destroyed) by Cullen brothers Emmett and Jasper after he lures [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan Bella] to an empty ballet studio and nearly kills her. The shimmery scar left by his venomous bite still remains on Bella's hand as a symbol of his unsuccessful attempt on her life. James is described as having light brown hair and being quite unremarkable and average-looking.
 
 
James is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cam_Gigandet Cam Gigandet] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' film.
 
 
=== Victoria ===
 
A red-haired, cat-like vampire, '''Victoria''' is originally a member of James' coven. She plays a small role in the first book assisting James, her lover and coven leader, in hunting Bella Swan. After James is killed, she decides to exact revenge on Edward Cullen by plotting to kill his partner, Bella. However, Bella is sufficiently protected from her wrath by the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quileute Quileute] shape-shifting wolves. Months later in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) ''Eclipse''], Victoria creates an army of bloodthirsty newborn vampires in Seattle to rise up against the combined forces of the werewolves and Cullen family. During this battle, both she and her new fighting partner, Riley, are destroyed by Edward and the young wolf Seth Clearwater. Her supernatural talent is self-preservation.
 
 
Victoria is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachelle_Lefevre Rachelle Lefevre] in the films ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' and ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon]''. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bryce_Dallas_Howard Bryce Dallas Howard] will replace Lefevre in the role for the third film, ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(2010_film) Eclipse]''.
 
 
=== Laurent ===
 
A dark-haired, olive-toned vampire, '''Laurent''' is a member of James' coven in ''Twilight''. When James and Victoria choose to track and murder Bella, Laurent leaves them and travels to Denali, Alaska, hoping to find solace among a coven of "vegetarian" vampires. However, he never adopts their strict diet of drinking animal blood, and "cheats" by occasionally feeding on humans. During this stay he takes a special liking to a vampire named Irina, though the infatuation is not strong enough to keep him there, as he later returns to Forks in ''New Moon'' as a favor to Victoria. During this visit, he stumbles across Bella and tries to kill her, before being ambushed by the Quileute wolves and subsequently destroyed.
 
 
Laurent is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edi_Gathegi Edi Gathegi] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' and ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon]'' films.
 
 
=== Riley ===
 
As a vampire, '''Riley''' is tall and muscular with bright red eyes and blond hair. Victoria bites and changes Riley when he is approximately Bella's age in ''Eclipse''. Once Riley ages and gains some control, he helps to lead Victoria's army of newborn vampires. He performs his work faithfully because of his love for Victoria, which she pretends to return. However, in a battle between the army of newborns and the Cullens at the end of ''Eclipse'', Edward voices Riley's concern that Victoria has been lying to him. Edward first tries to convince Riley to stop fighting, but finally kills him with the help of Seth Clearwater.
 
 
In the film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(2010_film) Eclipse]'', Riley is described as a "good-looking college student" and will be portrayed by Australian actor [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xavier_Samuel Xavier Samuel].
 
 
=== Amazonian coven ===
 
'''Zafrina''', '''Senna''', and '''Kachiri''' are members of the Amazonian coven. Zafrina's special ability is to create illusions; however, they do not affect Bella or anyone who is under her protective shield. She builds a strong relationship with Renesmee Cullen, who is said to have liked Zafrina and her "pretty pictures". Zafrina has Bella promise to bring Renesmee to visit her in the future.
 
 
=== American nomads ===
 
'''Peter''', his mate '''Charlotte''', '''Mary''', and '''Randall''' are American nomads. Peter is Jasper's good friend, and helped Jasper escape his previous life as a general of newborn vampires. Though he feeds on human blood, he does not agree with the execution of newborns after they have outlived their usefulness. In the past, Jasper lived with Peter and Charlotte, but chose to leave because of his ability to sense his human prey's emotions.
 
 
=== Denali coven ===
 
'''Eleazar''' and his mate '''Carmen''', sisters '''Tanya''', '''Irina''' (deceased), and '''Kate''', and later Kate's mate '''Garrett''' are members of the Denali coven. Like the Cullens, the Denali coven practices a diet of drinking animal instead of human blood. They are on good terms with the Cullens, though the relationship is stressed during ''Eclipse'' when they refuse to fight Victoria and her army. Tanya is their leader and is described as having strawberry blonde hair, and once expressed an interest in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Cullen Edward Cullen], though he turned her down. Carmen speaks fluent [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_language Spanish] and was the first to listen to and not fear Renesmee for being a half-breed. Eleazar, a former member of the Volturi guard, speaks fluent Spanish as well and has the ability to vaguely identify the gifts of other vampires. Garrett is a tall, rangy vampire with ruby eyes and long sandy hair that he keeps tied back. He is an adventurer, and alludes to being an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Patriot American Patriot]. He joins the Denali coven in ''Breaking Dawn'' and becomes Kate's mate. Kate is described as beautiful and blonde. Her special ability is the production of an electric current over her skin that can shock and incapacitate attackers. She assists Bella in learning to use her new ability to mentally shield those around her.
 
 
Sasha, Vasilii, and Irina were former members of the Denali coven. Sasha, who created Tanya, Kate, Irina, and Vasilii, was executed by the Volturi for creating an immortal child, Vasilii. Vampire law prohibits creating an immortal child, as they are unpredictable and have no self-control. For this reason, both Sasha and Vasilii were destroyed. Laurent was Irina's mate, and she holds a grudge against the Quileute wolves for destroying him. She arrives to make peace with the Cullens in ''Breaking Dawn'', but before speaking with them, she sees Renesmee and mistakenly assumes she is an immortal child. Irina reports the Cullens to the Volturi. After determining that Renesmee is not an immortal child, the Volturi destroy Irina for her mistake.
 
 
=== Egyptian coven ===
 
'''Tia''', '''Amun''', '''Benjamin''', and '''Kebi''' are members of the Egyptian coven. Amun, the mate of Kebi, is shown to be very unhappy to stand witness for the Cullens in ''Breaking Dawn''. Benjamin, the mate of Tia, has a high awareness of what is right and wrong. His special ability is to control the elements of nature, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air air], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth earth], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire fire], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water water]. Benjamin's ability is unique in that it involves physical manipulation, as opposed to illusions of the mind.
 
 
=== European nomads ===
 
'''Alistair''', '''Charles''', and '''Makenna''' are European nomads. Alistair is good friends with Carlisle, though he does not visit him often. His special ability is tracking. When he is called to be a witness for the Cullens, he leaves before he has a chance to do so out of fear of the Volturi. Charles is the mate of Makenna, and his special ability is to sense if a statement is true.
 
 
=== Irish coven ===
 
'''Siobhan''', '''Liam''', and '''Maggie''' are members of the Irish coven. Liam, the mate of Siobhan, is very protective of Siobhan and Maggie. Siobhan's suspected special ability is to alter the course of a situation through willpower. Maggie, a redhead, has the ability to sense if someone is lying. They were called upon to witness for the Cullen clan in face of the Volturi in ''Breaking Dawn''.
 
 
=== Romanian coven ===
 
'''Vladimir''' and '''Stefan''' used to rule along with other Romanian vampires about 1500 years ago. The Volturi overthrew them, however, and destroyed their castle. After the rebellion, it became apparent that Vladimir and Stefan were the only survivors of their coven. They hold a grudge against the Volturi, and are willing to do anything for revenge.
 
 
== Werewolves/Shape-shifters ==
 
At the end of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'', a distinction is made in the ''Twilight'' universe between "true werewolves" who transform according to the lunar cycle, and the giant Quileute tribal wolves who can phase at will and retain their mental faculties while transformed. Instead, the latter are referred to as shape-shifting humans who assume wolf form. As long as they regularly phase into wolves, they never age. They heal quickly, have enhanced physical speed and strength, and can communicate telepathically with one other while in their wolf forms.
 
 
=== Sam Uley ===
 
'''Sam Uley''' is the leader of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Push La Push] pack. His father, Joshua Uley, abandoned him and his mother when he was very young and thus Sam was forced to assume much adult responsibility at an early age. Before becoming a wolf, he was romantically involved with Leah Clearwater, his high school sweetheart. His relationship with her started to fall apart after his transformation because he was forbidden to tell her what he had become. Their relationship ended when Sam imprinted on Leah's second cousin, Emily, and broke every promise he made to Leah. According to Jacob, Sam feels guilty for betraying Leah and responsible for the bitter person she has become. When he phases, he is pure black and the largest wolf, until ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'' when it is noted that Jacob has grown taller. He is the pack Alpha, but not by blood; that role is Jacob's, who allowed Sam to lead the pack until ''Breaking Dawn''.
 
 
Solomon Trimble was credited as "Jacob's friend" in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight film], but was widely recognized as playing the role of Sam. In the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon film], Sam is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaske_Spencer Chaske Spencer].
 
 
=== Quil Ateara ===
 
'''Quil Ateara''' is a member of the wolf pack and is Jacob's best friend and second cousin. He is described as being very muscular. He first appears in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) ''New Moon''] but does not become a wolf until [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) ''Eclipse'']. Unlike most other pack members, he was happy about becoming a wolf, since it allowed him to join his friends and understand what was going on. As a wolf, Quil has chocolate-brown fur. Near the end of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'' Quil, along with Embry, joins Jacob's pack.
 
 
In [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) ''Eclipse''], Quil imprints on Emily's two-year-old niece, Claire. Although this appears to cause a scandal, Jacob explains that there is currently nothing romantic about his feelings, and that Quil will be whatever Claire needs him to be at each point in her life, whether it be a brother, friend, protector, or lover.
 
 
Quil is portrayed by Tyson Houseman in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon film].
 
 
=== Embry Call ===
 
'''Embry Call''' is a wolf with gray fur and dark spots on his back, and is another one of Jacob's best friends. He appears briefly in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) ''New Moon''] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) ''Eclipse'']. Embry calls [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan Bella Swan] "vampire girl" because she hangs out with the Cullen family. His mother was a woman of the Makah tribe, not the Quileutes; since the shape-shifting wolf traits are inherited from father to son, he is therefore the half-brother of either Quil Ateara, Jacob Black, or Sam Uley. This causes some stress within the pack, since all of these men's fathers were married before and at the time of his birth. Near the end of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'' Embry, along with Quil, joins Jacob's pack.
 
 
Krys Hyatt was recognized as playing the part of Embry in the ''Twilight'' film, though his role was uncredited. Embry is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiowa_Gordon Kiowa Gordon] in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon film].
 
 
=== Paul ===
 
'''Paul''' is prone to angry outbursts which cause him to burst into his wolf form. Paul is one of the bigger wolves, and has dark gray fur. He is the most volatile pack member, and becomes so enraged when he learns that Jacob has told Bella about the pack that he bursts into his wolf form and attempts to attack her. He later seems to have no ill feelings towards Bella or Jacob, though Jacob, Leah, and some of the other wolves find him annoying. Early in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn#Book_2 Book 2] of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'', Paul is shown to have imprinted on Jacob's older sister, Rachel. This annoys Billy and Jacob because he is always at their house eating their food; however, Billy is happy that Rachel is staying at home longer because of Paul.
 
 
Paul is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alex_Meraz Alex Meraz] in the ''New Moon'' film.
 
 
=== Jared ===
 
'''Jared''' was the first werewolf to phase after the pack's leader, Sam Uley. In [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) ''Eclipse''] he imprinted on Kim, a girl he sat next to in school. Before he was a werewolf he never paid any attention to her, but after his transformation he looked at her once and imprinted.
 
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronson_Pelletier Bronson Pelletier] portrays Jared in the ''New Moon'' film.
 
 
=== Leah Clearwater ===
 
'''Leah Clearwater''' is the only known female shape-shifting wolf in the history of the Quileute tribe. She transforms into a wolf during the events of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) New Moon]'', around the same time as her younger brother, Seth. This transformation is believed to be what caused the heart attack and subsequent death of their father, Harry. She dated Sam Uley for years, until her second cousin Emily came to visit and Sam imprinted on her. Sam thus left her for Emily, leaving Leah broken-hearted. As a result, Leah is very bitter and cynical, and constantly antagonizes the pack by thinking about things that the others want to avoid dwelling on. She also likes to antagonize Jacob by bringing up the fact that Bella plans to marry a vampire and become one herself, when it is clear that Jacob is still in love with bella whom she hates.
 
 
In ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'', Leah joins Jacob's pack with the intention of breaking free of Sam since she is still heartbroken. She helps protect Bella and the Cullens, despite her extreme hatred for vampires. She shares several beliefs and insecurities with Jacob, such as why Sam imprinted on Emily, her regrets that she might be menopausal, and her inability to rise higher in pack rank due to her gender. As she spends more time in Jacob's pack, she becomes happier and makes notable changes in her attitude, becoming less troubling and negative. Later in the book, Jacob and Leah's feelings toward each other have become a trusted comradeship, in which she stands up for him, protects him, and becomes his second-in-command. As a human, Leah is described as beautiful by Bella. As a wolf, she is smaller than the others, light gray, and the fastest in the pack.
 
 
In 2010's ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(2010_film) Eclipse]'', Leah will be played by Julia Jones.
 
 
=== Seth Clearwater ===
 
'''Seth Clearwater''' is Leah's younger brother and a member of the La Push pack. He has sandy brown-colored fur. He transforms into a werewolf during the events of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) ''New Moon''], around the same time as his sister, Leah. In ''New Moon'' and ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) Eclipse]'' he is shown to idolize [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Black Jacob Black], and is said to remind Bella of a younger Jacob. During the newborn attack in ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) Eclipse]'', Seth stays with Bella and Edward, due to his young age of only fifteen, to act as a connection to the pack. When Victoria and Riley appear, Seth fights and destroys Riley with Edward's help. In ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'' he is shown to have developed an unlikely friendship with Edward, and attends his and Bella's wedding. Seth remains a constant presence throughout the final book in the series. He is initially the only wolf to feel completely comfortable being around the Cullen family. He also has, according to Edward, very honest and pure thoughts, something that endears him to the Cullens, and Edward in particular. When Jacob splits from the pack, Seth quickly joins him because he opposes Sam's plan to attack the Cullens. For most of ''Breaking Dawn'' Seth is Jacob's second-in-command, until he is replaced by Leah at the end of the novel.
 
 
In 2010's ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(2010_film) Eclipse]'', Seth will be played by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boo_Boo_Stewart Boo Boo Stewart].
 
 
=== Collin and Brady ===
 
'''Collin''' and '''Brady''' are two of the youngest wolves in the pack. In [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) ''Eclipse''], they are said to have phased at the age of thirteen, and they later make an appearance in ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'' as part of Sam's pack.
 
 
=== Others ===
 
There are seven additional wolves present at the end of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]''. These unknown wolves are believed to be very young because of their oversized paws. The alleged reason for their transformations into wolves is the presence of many visiting vampires at the Cullen residence during this novel.
 
 
=== Ephraim Black ===
 
'''Ephraim Black''', great-grandfather to Jacob Black, was the last chief of the Quileute tribe. He was a shape-shifter himself, and the Alpha of a pack of three, which included Levi Uley and Quil Ateara Sr., the great-grandfather of Jacob's friend Quil. He created a treaty with the Cullen family which maintained that the wolves would not expose the Cullens as vampires as long as they did not bite any humans.
 
 
== Humans ==
 
 
 
=== Charlie Swan ===
 
'''Charlie Swan''' is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan Bella Swan's] father and works as a police officer in Forks. His hobbies include fishing with Harry Clearwater and Billy Black, as well as watching various sports on TV. Charlie married Bella's mother, Renée, just after they both graduated high school, and they soon had Bella. Renée divorced Charlie not long after and moved to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix,_Arizona Phoenix, Arizona] with Bella. Bella later mentions that Charlie still has not quite gotten over her mother. He became accustomed to living alone, except when Bella visited him in the summer. When Bella is seventeen, she moves to Forks to live with him after her mother remarries. Initially, Charlie accepts [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Cullen Edward] as his daughter's boyfriend, but after the events of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) ''New Moon''] he blames Edward for Bella's deep depression after he left her. Charlie is grateful to Jacob Black for his friendship with Bella during that difficult time, and he makes it clear that he'd rather Bella choose Jacob over Edward. At the end of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) Eclipse]'', Bella and Edward agree to tell Charlie about their engagement. At the beginning of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]'', he is shown to have reluctantly agreed to the marriage. Charlie stays in Bella's life after her transformation; though he comes to suspect that Bella and the Cullens are not quite human, he is never informed that they are vampires. Nevertheless, he is introduced to his granddaughter, Renesmee, and is shown to be very fond of her. At the end of ''Breaking Dawn'', he and Sue Clearwater have developed a romantic relationship.
 
 
Charlie is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Burke_(actor) Billy Burke] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon film] films.
 
 
=== Renée Dwyer ===
 
'''Renée Dwyer''' (née '''Higgenbotham'''; formerly '''Renée Swan''') married Charlie Swan right after high school, but left with their baby, Bella, and divorced him soon after. Renée is an eccentric, silly person who will brave new things (like skydiving) and come to her senses later. Bella always felt that she was the mother of their relationship, having to guide Renée away from doing ridiculous things, and Renée considered Bella as her middle-aged child. After Renée remarries a much younger baseball player, Phil Dwyer, Bella unselfishly sends herself to live with her dad in Forks so that Renée and Phil can travel together. Edward describes Renée's mind as being insightful and almost childlike. In ''Breaking Dawn'', Bella is scared to tell her mother about her engagement to Edward, but Renée believes Bella to be more mature than other teenagers her age and gives them her blessing. Bella says she and her mother look alike, but that Renée has shorter hair and laugh lines. In ''Twilight'' she lives in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix,_Arizona Phoenix, Arizona], and in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacksonville,_Florida Jacksonville, Florida], throughout the rest of the series. After Bella becomes a vampire she does not visit her mother, knowing Renée would never adapt to her change as Charlie did.
 
 
Renée is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarah_Clarke Sarah Clarke] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' film. Clarke will reprise her role in the 2010 film ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(2010_film) Eclipse]''.
 
 
=== Harry Clearwater ===
 
'''Harry Clearwater''' was an elder of the Quileute tribe, having died from a heart attack during ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) New Moon]''. He left behind a wife, Sue, a daughter Leah, and a son, Seth. Once [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan Bella] learns that [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Black Jacob] is a werewolf, it is Harry and Billy Black who invite [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Swan_(Twilight) Charlie Swan] to La Push to entertain and protect him from the vampires.
 
 
Harry is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graham_Greene_(actor) Graham Greene] in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon film].
 
 
=== Billy Black ===
 
'''Billy Black''' is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Black Jacob Black]'s father, born and raised in La Push, and an elder of the Quileute tribe. He is described as being heavyset, having a wrinkled face and russet skin, and having black hair and black eyes. His other family members include his two daughters, Rachel and Rebecca, and his deceased wife, Sarah. Billy Black is directly descended from the last chief of the Quileute tribe, Ephraim Black, who was his grandfather. Among Billy's best friends in Forks is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan Bella Swan]'s father, Charlie Swan. Billy, who is crippled from diabetes and confined to a wheelchair, sells his truck to Charlie to give to Bella. At the end of ''Twilight'', he employed Jacob to persuade Bella to break up with Edward Cullen. He becomes a semi-regular character throughout the remaining series.
 
 
Billy Black is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gil_Birmingham Gil Birmingham] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon film] films.
 
 
=== Tyler Crowley ===
 
'''Tyler Crowley''' is one of Bella's classmates. In ''Twilight'' he nearly hits Bella with his van, but she is saved by Edward. Afterwards, Tyler is desperate to make it up to her and bombards her with constant apologies and asks Bella to a school dance, to which she refuses. He mistakenly assumes she will go to their prom with him and tells the rest of the school, only to hear from Edward that Bella will be unavailable to anyone but himself. His constant attention towards Bella causes Lauren, who is interested in him, to resent Bella.
 
 
Tyler is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregory_Tyree_Boyce Gregory Tyree Boyce] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' film.
 
 
=== Lauren Mallory ===
 
'''Lauren Mallory''' is a silver blonde, fishy-eyed student at Bella's high school. Despite being popular herself, she becomes jealous over the attention Bella receives after she moves to Forks, and she remains hostile toward her for the rest of ''Twilight'', ''New Moon'', and ''Eclipse''. She is particularly jealous when Tyler Crowley, on whom Lauren has a crush, pays attention to Bella. Lauren Mallory also tends to speak in a rather sneering tone, which Bella notices when she overhears Lauren talking about her.
 
 
In the films, Lauren's character was combined with Jessica Stanley, who was played by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Kendrick Anna Kendrick].
 
 
=== Mike Newton ===
 
'''Mike Newton''' is a friendly boy who initially has a crush on Bella, though Bella does not return his affections. In ''Twilight'', he is described as a "cute, baby-faced boy" with "carefully" spiked "pale blond" hair. He crushes on Bella throughout the series and often asks her to accompany him on dates, though she always declines; he is also shown to be quite bitter and jealous over Bella and Edward's relationship. In ''New Moon'', Mike goes to the movies with Jacob and Bella and tries hard to compete with Jacob for Bella's attention. Mike's family owns a local sporting goods store, which serves as Bella's only job in the series. Mike and Jessica date in ''Twilight'' and are together again in "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn Breaking Dawn]" at Bella and Edward's wedding, where Edward irritatedly comments that "Mike's having difficulty with improper thoughts about a married woman," suggesting that Mike is still attracted to Bella.
 
 
Mike is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Welch_(actor) Michael Welch] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon film] films.
 
 
=== Jessica Stanley ===
 
'''Jessica Stanley''' is Bella's classmate and her first friend in Forks. She informs Bella about the Cullen family on her first day at school. She tends to be more interested in Bella's popularity than Bella's actual character, and is sometimes jealous of Mike's attention toward Bella. In an excerpt from ''Midnight Sun'', Edward hears that Jessica's thoughts toward Bella are actually quite rude, and that she only befriended Bella to share in her attention. Jessica is described as a "chatterbox" with curly dark hair. She and Bella have a falling out in ''New Moon'' due to Bella's depression and increasingly reckless behavior due to Edward's departure, but their friendship ends on a good note at graduation during ''Eclipse''. Jessica appears briefly in ''Breaking Dawn'' as a guest at Bella and Edward's wedding, which she attends with Mike.
 
 
Jessica is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Kendrick Anna Kendrick] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' film.
 
 
=== Angela Weber ===
 
'''Angela Weber''' is a classmate of Bella's who is described as being a tall, shy, quiet, and very kind girl. In an excerpt from ''Midnight Sun'', she is revealed to be among the few of Bella's newly acquired "friends" that does not exploit Bella's appeal to their own advantage. She has light brown hair and soft brown eyes. She respects other people's space, a characteristic much appreciated by Bella and she has a gentle disposition. Angela plays a minor role in ''Twilight'', but becomes Bella's best (completely human) friend during the events of ''Eclipse''. She has a strong relationship with her boyfriend, Ben Cheney. In ''Breaking Dawn'' her role is limited; her father reads Bella and Edward's vows at their wedding, and she catches Bella's bouquet.
 
 
Angela is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Serratos Christian Serratos] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' film.
 
 
=== Eric Yorkie ===
 
'''Eric Yorkie''' is a classmate of Bella's who immediately became interested in her when she moved to Forks. He is described as an "overly helpful" chess-club type, is very tall, has a poor complexion, and has "hair as black as an oil slick". He resents Mike's similar interest in Bella, and, later in ''Twilight'', is seen walking away after Mike is hit with a snowball. He invites Bella to a school dance, but she declines, and he goes with Angela Weber instead. Eric is valedictorian of his graduating class.
 
 
Eric is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_Chon Justin Chon] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) Twilight]'' film.
 
 
=== Emily Young ===
 
'''Emily Young''' is Sam Uley's fiancée and second cousin to Leah and Seth Clearwater. While dating Leah, Sam imprinted upon Emily when she visited and began pursuing her. She is described as having copper skin, raven black hair, and three long disfiguring scars running down the right side of her face and down her arms as the result of Sam phasing into a wolf too close to her. The left side of her face is extremely beautiful, as she was before the scars. These scars pull one of her eyes down and also tug on the side of her mouth, causing her to have a scowl on one side of her face. Despite this, Emily seems to bear no resentment towards Sam or any other members of the pack. Bella feels that Emily is the mother figure to the pack because she often cooks their meals and they feel very comfortable and open in her house.
 
 
Emily is portrayed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinsel_Korey Tinsel Korey] in the ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(2009_film) New Moon]'' film.
 
 
=== Sue Clearwater ===
 
'''Sue Clearwater''' is the widow of Harry Clearwater, who died in ''New Moon'' of a heart attack. Sue has two children, Seth and Leah, who are both werewolves. In ''Breaking Dawn'', Sue starts spending a lot of time with Charlie and occasionally cooks him meals after Bella moves out of his house. Near the end of ''Breaking Dawn'', Bella hints that Sue and Charlie are romantically involved.
 
 
=== J. Jenks ===
 
'''Jason Jenks''' (alias '''Jason Scott''') is a middle aged, balding attorney and forger of legal documents. Alice sends Bella to him when it seems likely that Renesmee and Jacob will need to go on the run to escape the Volturi. Jenks, having previously worked with Jasper several times, has a great fear of the Cullen family due to Jasper's belief that "some kinds of working relationships are better motivated by fear than by monetary gain." Bella employs Jenks to forge birth certificates, passports, and a driver's license for Jacob and Renesmee, and over the course of their relationship he starts to become more comfortable around her than he is with Jasper. An honorable man, he initially expresses reservations about giving Bella the documents she requests, under the belief that she intends to use them to kidnap Renesmee from her father, despite his fear that this might earn him the Cullen family's retribution. Bella assures him that this is not the case, and she decides afterwards to take over all relations with Jenks in order to spare him any further stress that Jasper might cause him.
 
 
 
'''Bold text'''Ashley greene
 
This article is about the actress. For the location in England, see Ashley Green.
 
Ashley Greene
 
 
Ashley Greene in March 2009
 
Born Ashley Michele Greene
 
February 21, 1987 (1987-02-21) (age 22)
 
Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.
 
Occupation Actress
 
Years active 2005–present
 
Ashley Michele Greene (born February 21, 1987) is an American film and television actress, best known for playing Alice Cullen in the Twilight film series.
 
 
Contents [hide]
 
1 Personal life
 
2 Career
 
3 Filmography
 
4 References
 
5 External links
 
 
 
[edit] Personal life
 
Greene was born in Jacksonville, Florida, the daughter of Michele, who works in insurance, and Joe Greene, a U.S. Marine who now owns his own concrete business.[1][2] She grew up in Middleburg and Jacksonville, and went to University Christian School before transferring to Wolfson High School when she was in tenth grade.[3] She moved to Los Angeles, California, at the age of 17 to pursue an acting career.[3][4] Greene has one sibling, an older brother named Joe, who still resides in Jacksonville with his parents.[3]
 
 
Greene is good friends with her Twilight co-stars, particularly Kellan Lutz, whom she knew before filming the movie.[5][6]
 
 
In August 2009, nude photos of Greene were leaked on the internet. It is believed the photos were taken when she was 19 years old.[7] The candid photos were posted on a number of internet celebrity news web sites but swiftly removed, followed by a statement from Greene's attorney.[8]
 
 
"The photos in question, which appear to be of our client, are illegal and are being unlawfully displayed. Our client intends to take legal action. Ms. Greene is the owner of the copyrights in these photos, and as copyright owner, Ms. Greene owns the exclusive rights, among others, to reproduce, distribute, and to display the photos."
 
 
[edit] Career
 
Ashley Greene initially planned to become a model, but was told that she was not tall enough at 5'5" to be a runway model and should instead focus on commercials.[4] After taking commercial and acting classes, she fell in love with acting and realized that she preferred it over modeling.[4] Greene thus graduated from high school early at the age of 17 and moved to L.A. to pursue an acting career.[4] Since then, she has appeared as a guest on many popular television programs, such as Punk'd and Crossing Jordan. Greene's big break came in 2008 when she was cast as Alice Cullen in Twilight, a film based on the novel of the same name by Stephenie Meyer. She reprised her role as Alice in the 2009 sequel to Twilight, The Twilight Saga: New Moon, and 2010's The Twilight Saga: Eclipse.[9] Greene will be reuniting with her Twilight co-star Kellan Lutz in the upcoming movie Warrior[10] and will also be starring in an upcoming thriller film, Summer's Blood,[11] as well as the Dark Castle Entertainment production The Apparition, which will begin filming on February 1, 2010.[12]
 
 
[edit] Filmography
 
Year Film Role Notes
 
2005 Punk'd Girlfriend 1 episode
 
2006 MADtv Amber 1 episode
 
Crossing Jordan Ann Rappaport 2 episodes
 
Desire Renata 7 episodes
 
2007 King of California McDonald's Customer
 
2008 Shark Natalie Faber 1 episode
 
Otis Kim #4 Straight-to-DVD
 
Twilight Alice Cullen Teen Choice Award for Movie Fresh Face Female
 
2009 Summer's Blood Summer
 
The Twilight Saga: New Moon Alice Cullen
 
Radio Free Albemuth Rhonda post-production
 
Skateland Michelle Burkham post-production
 
Warrior Brooklyn post-production
 
2010 The Twilight Saga: Eclipse Alice Cullen post-production/releasing June 30 2010
 
The Apparition Kelly pre-production
 
 
[edit] References
 
^ Nick Duerden (November 2008). "Dusk 'til dawn". www.ashleygreenefan.com. http://www.ashleygreenefan.com/gallery/albums/Scans/2008/08%2011%20Nylon/002.jpg. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
 
^ "Ashley Greene on Alexa Chung". YouTube.com. 2009-07-16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mNlEoz1JkzU&feature=player_embedded. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
 
^ a b c Matt Soergel (2008-12-14). "From Jacksonville to Hollywood and a hit movie". www.jacksonville.com. http://www.jacksonville.com/lifestyles/2008-12-14/from_jacksonville_to_hollywood_and_a_hit_movie. Retrieved 2008-12-14.
 
^ a b c d Christina Radish (2008-11-18). "Ashley Greene in "Twilight"". Media Blvd Magazine. http://www.mediablvd.com/magazine/the_news/celebrity/ashley_greene_in_%22twilight%22_200811181408.html. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
 
^ Rebecca Murray (2008-11-10). "Exclusive Interview with Kellan Lutz from Twilight". About.com. http://movies.about.com/od/twilight/a/kellan-lutz_2.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
 
^ "Ashley Greene plays Twist's Celeb Fastball!". Twist Online. 2009-03-16. http://www.twistmagazine.com/2009/03/twist-exclusive-ashley-greene.html. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
 
^ Edecio Martinez (2009-08-11). "Twilight Actress Ashley Greene Says Her Naked Web Photos are Illegal". CBS. http://www.cbsnews.com/blogs/2009/07/30/crimesider/entry5197512.shtml. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
 
^ Brian Orloff (2009-08-11). "Ashley Greene threatens legal action over nude pictures". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/Movies/08/11/ashley.greene.nude.photos/. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
 
^ Jocelyn Vena (2009-02-23). "Ashley Greene Says 'New Moon' Script Tops 'Twilight'". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/movies/news/articles/1605673/story.jhtml. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
 
^ Larry Carroll (2008-12-19). "'Twilight' Siblings Ashley Greene And Kellan Lutz Reunite As Love Interests In 'Warrior'". MTV. http://moviesblog.mtv.com/2008/12/19/twilight-siblings-ashley-greene-and-kellan-lutz-reunite-as-love-interests-in-warrior/. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
 
^ "Summer (2009)". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1285010/. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
 
^ Twilight Saga's Ashley Greene May Be Seeing an Apparition
 
[edit] External links
 
Media related to Ashley Greene at Wikimedia Commons
 
Ashley Greene at the Internet Movie Database
 
 
 
 
'''''Twilight''''' is the debut, young-adult [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampire_(Twilight) <u>vampire</u>]-[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romance_novel <u>romance novel</u>]<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-2">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-2 <u>[3]</u>]</sup><sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-3">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-3 <u>[4]</u>]</sup> by author [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephenie_Meyer <u>Stephenie Meyer</u>]. ''Twilight'' was initially rejected by 14 agents,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-4">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-4 <u>[5]</u>]</sup> but became an instant bestseller when published originally in hardback in 2005, debuting at #5 on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Times_Best_Seller_list <u>''New York Times'' Best Seller list</u>] within a month of its release<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-time.com_5-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-time.com-5 <u>[6]</u>]</sup> and later peaking at #1.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Children.27s_Books_-_New_York_Times_6-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Children.27s_Books_-_New_York_Times-6 <u>[7]</u>]</sup> That same year, ''Twilight'' was named one of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publishers_Weekly <u>Publishers Weekly</u>]'''s Best Children's Books of 2005.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Best_Children.27s_Books_of_2005_7-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Best_Children.27s_Books_of_2005-7 <u>[8]</u>]</sup> The novel was also the biggest selling book of 2008<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-8">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-8 <u>[9]</u>]</sup> and, to date, has sold 17 million copies worldwide, spent over 91 weeks on the ''New York Times'' Best Seller list,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-9">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-9 <u>[10]</u>]</sup> and been translated into 37 different languages.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Turan_10-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Turan-10 <u>[11]</u>]</sup>
 
 
It is the first book of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(series) <u>''Twilight'' series</u>], and introduces seventeen-year-old [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan <u>Isabella "Bella" Swan</u>], who moves from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix,_Arizona <u>Phoenix, Arizona</u>] to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forks,_Washington <u>Forks, Washington</u>] and finds her life in danger when she falls in love with a vampire, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Cullen <u>Edward Cullen</u>]. The novel is followed by ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) <u>New Moon</u>]'', ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) <u>Eclipse</u>]'', and ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn <u>Breaking Dawn</u>]''. A [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) <u>film adaptation of ''Twilight''</u>] was released in 2008. It was a commercial success, grossing more than $382 million worldwide<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-11">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-11 <u>[12]</u>]</sup> and an additional $157 million from North American [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVD <u>DVD</u>] sales, as of July 2009.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-12">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-12 <u>[13]</u>]</sup>
 
 
 
 
{| class="toc" id="toc" sizcache="0" sizset="0"
 
|- sizcache="0" sizset="0"
 
| sizcache="0" sizset="0"|==Contents==
 
[<u>hide</u>]*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Plot_summary <u>1 Plot summary</u>]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Cover <u>2 Cover</u>]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Awards_and_honors <u>3 Awards and honors</u>]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Development.2C_publication_and_reception <u>4 Development, publication and reception</u>]
 
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Development <u>4.1 Development</u>]
 
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Publication <u>4.2 Publication</u>]
 
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Critical_reception <u>4.3 Critical reception</u>]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Adaptations <u>5 Adaptations</u>]
 
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Film <u>5.1 Film</u>]
 
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#Graphic_novel <u>5.2 Graphic novel</u>]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#References <u>6 References</u>]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#External_links <u>7 External links</u>]
 
|}
 
 
//
 
 
 
==Plot summary==
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan <u>Isabella "Bella" Swan</u>] moves from sunny [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix,_Arizona <u>Phoenix, Arizona</u>] to rainy [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forks,_Washington <u>Forks, Washington</u>] to live with her father, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Twilight_characters#Charlie_Swan <u>Charlie</u>], while her mother, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Twilight_characters#Ren.C3.A9e_Dwyer <u>Renée</u>], travels with her new husband, Phil Dwyer, a minor league baseball player. Bella attracts much attention at her new school and is quickly befriended by several students. Much to her dismay, several boys compete for shy Bella's attention.
 
 
When Bella is seated next to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Cullen <u>Edward Cullen</u>] in class on her first day of school, Edward seems utterly repulsed by her. He disappears for a few days, but warms up to Bella upon his return; their newfound relationship reaches a climax when Bella is nearly run over by a fellow classmate's van in the school parking lot. Seemingly defying the laws of physics, Edward saves her life when he instantaneously appears next to her and stops the van with his bare hands.
 
 
Bella becomes determined to find out how Edward saved her life, and constantly pesters him with questions. After tricking a family friend, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Black <u>Jacob Black</u>], into telling her the local tribal legends, Bella concludes that Edward and his family are [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampires <u>vampires</u>] who drink animal blood rather than human. Edward confesses that he initially avoided Bella because the scent of her blood was too desirable to him. Over time, Edward and Bella fall in love.
 
 
Their relationship is disturbed when another [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coven#Vampire_covens <u>vampire coven</u>] sweeps into Forks. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Twilight_characters#James <u>James</u>], a tracker vampire who is intrigued by the Cullens' relationship with a human, wants to hunt Bella for sport. The Cullens attempt to distract the tracker by splitting up Bella and Edward, and Bella is sent to hide in a hotel in Phoenix. There, Bella receives a phone call from James, who claims to be holding her mother captive. When Bella surrenders herself, James attacks her. Before she is killed, Edward, along with the other Cullens, rescues her and defeats James. Once they realize that James has bitten Bella's hand, Edward successfully sucks the venom from her bloodstream and prevents her from becoming a vampire, after which she is brought to a hospital. Upon returning to Forks, Bella and Edward attend their school prom and Bella expresses her desire to become a vampire, but Edward refuses.
 
==Cover==
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephenie_Meyer <u>Stephenie Meyer</u>] has stated that the apple on the cover represents the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forbidden_fruit <u>forbidden fruit</u>] from the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Genesis <u>Book of Genesis</u>]. It symbolizes Bella and Edward's love, which is forbidden, similar to the fruit of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tree_of_Knowledge_of_Good_and_Evil <u>Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil</u>], as is implied by the quote from Genesis 2:17 that is quoted at the beginning of the book. It also represents Bella's knowledge of what good and evil are, and the choice that she has in partaking of the "forbidden fruit", Edward, or choosing not to see him.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-apple_13-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-apple-13 <u>[14]</u>]</sup> An alternate cover features [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kristen_Stewart <u>Kristen Stewart</u>] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Pattinson <u>Robert Pattinson</u>], the actors who play Bella and Edward, respectively, in the film adaptation.
 
==Awards and honors==
 
*''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Times <u>New York Times</u>]'' Editor's Choice<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-MTV_14-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-MTV-14 <u>[15]</u>]</sup>
 
*One of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publishers_Weekly <u>Publishers Weekly</u>]'''s "Best Children's Books of 2005"<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Best_Children.27s_Books_of_2005_7-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Best_Children.27s_Books_of_2005-7 <u>[8]</u>]</sup>
 
*''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publishers_Weekly <u>Publishers Weekly</u>]'' "Best Book of the Year"<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-MTV_14-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-MTV-14 <u>[15]</u>]</sup>
 
*One of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Library_Association <u>American Library Association</u>]'s "Top Ten Best Book for Young Adults" and "Top Ten Books for Reluctant Readers"<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-MTV_14-2">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-MTV-14 <u>[15]</u>]</sup>
 
*One of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_Library_Journal <u>School Library Journal</u>]'''s "Best Books of 2005"<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-15">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-15 <u>[16]</u>]</sup>
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amazon.com <u>Amazon.com</u>]'s "Best Book of the Decade...So Far"<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-MTV_14-3">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-MTV-14 <u>[15]</u>]</sup>
 
==Development, publication and reception==
 
===Development===
 
Meyer says that the idea for ''Twilight'' came to her in a dream on June 2, 2003.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-story_16-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-story-16 <u>[17]</u>]</sup> The dream was about a human girl, and a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampire <u>vampire</u>] who was in love with her but thirsted for her blood.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-story_16-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-story-16 <u>[17]</u>]</sup> Based on this dream, Meyer wrote the transcript of what is now Chapter 13 of the book.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-17">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-17 <u>[18]</u>]</sup> In a matter of three months she had transformed her dream into a completed novel,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Grossman_18-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Grossman-18 <u>[19]</u>]</sup> though she claims that she never intended to publish ''Twilight'' and was writing for her own enjoyment.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-19">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-19 <u>[20]</u>]</sup> Her sister's response towards the book was enthusiastic and she persuaded Meyer to send the manuscript to literary agencies.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-20">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-20 <u>[21]</u>]</sup> Of the 15 letters she wrote, five went unanswered, nine brought rejections, and the last was a positive response from Jodi Reamer of Writers House.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Numbers_21-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Numbers-21 <u>[22]</u>]</sup>
 
===Publication===
 
Eight publishers competed for the rights to publish ''Twilight'' in the 2003 auction.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Numbers_21-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Numbers-21 <u>[22]</u>]</sup> [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little,_Brown_and_Company <u>Little, Brown and Company</u>] originally bid for $300,000, but Meyer's agent asked for $1 million; the publishers finally settled on $750,000 for three books.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-22">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-22 <u>[23]</u>]</sup> ''Twilight'' was published in 2005 with a print run of 75,000 copies.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Numbers_21-2">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Numbers-21 <u>[22]</u>]</sup> It debuted at #5 on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Times_Best_Seller_list <u>''New York Times'' Best Seller list</u>] within a month of its release,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-time.com_5-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-time.com-5 <u>[6]</u>]</sup> and later peaked at #1.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Children.27s_Books_-_New_York_Times_6-1">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Children.27s_Books_-_New_York_Times-6 <u>[7]</u>]</sup> Foreign rights to the novel were sold to over 26 countries.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-23">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-23 <u>[24]</u>]</sup>
 
 
In October 2008, ''Twilight'' was ranked #26 in ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA_Today <u>USA Today</u>]'''s list of "Bestselling Books of Last 15 Years".<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-24">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-24 <u>[25]</u>]</sup> Later, the book went on to become the biggest selling book of 2008.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-25">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-25 <u>[26]</u>]</sup>
 
===Critical reception===
 
Since ''Twilight's'' initial publication, the book has received mainly positive reviews from critics, with ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publishers_Weekly <u>Publishers Weekly</u>]'' calling Meyer one of the most "promising new authors of 2005".<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-26">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-26 <u>[27]</u>]</sup> ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Times <u>The Times</u>]'' praised the book for capturing "perfectly the teenage feeling of sexual tension and alienation",<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-27">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-27 <u>[28]</u>]</sup> and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amazon.com <u>Amazon.com</u>] hailed the book as "[d]eeply romantic and extraordinarily suspenseful".<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-Amazon_28-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-Amazon-28 <u>[29]</u>]</sup> Hillias J. Martin of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_Library_Journal <u>School Library Journal</u>]'' stated, "Realistic, subtle, succinct, and easy to follow, ''Twilight'' will have readers dying to sink their teeth into it",<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-29">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-29 <u>[30]</u>]</sup> and Norah Piehl of ''TeenReads'' wrote, "''Twilight'' is a gripping blend of romance and horror".<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-30">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-30 <u>[31]</u>]</sup> ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publishers_Weekly <u>Publishers Weekly</u>]'''s starred review described Bella's "infatuation with outsider Edward", their risky relationship, and "Edward's inner struggle" as a metaphor for sexual frustration accompanying adolescence.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-stepheniemeyer.com_31-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-stepheniemeyer.com-31 <u>[32]</u>]</sup> ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Booklist <u>Booklist</u>]'' wrote, "There are some flaws here–a plot that could have been tightened, an over reliance on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adjective <u>adjectives</u>] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adverb <u>adverbs</u>] to bolster dialogue–but this dark romance seeps into the soul."<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-32">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-32 <u>[33]</u>]</sup> Christopher Middleton of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Daily_Telegraph <u>The Daily Telegraph</u>]'' called the book a "high school drama with a bloody twist ... no secret, of course, at whom this book is aimed, and no doubt, either, that it has hit its mark.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-33">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-33 <u>[34]</u>]</sup> Jennifer Hawes of ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Post_and_Courier <u>The Post and Courier</u>]'' said, "''Twilight'', the first book in Stephenie Meyer's series, gripped me so fiercely that I called the nearest teenager I know and begged for her copy after I misplaced my own."<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-34">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-34 <u>[35]</u>]</sup>
 
 
''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirkus_Reviews <u>Kirkus</u>]'' gave a more mixed review, noting that, "[''Twilight''] is far from perfect: Edward's portrayal as monstrous tragic hero is overly Byronic, and Bella's appeal is based on magic rather than character. Nonetheless, the portrayal of dangerous lovers hits the spot; fans of dark romance will find it hard to resist."<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-35">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-35 <u>[36]</u>]</sup> Although the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daily_Telegraph <u>Daily Telegraph</u>] later listed ''Twilight'' at number 32 on its list of "100 books that defined the noughties", it said that the novel was "Astonishing, mainly for the ineptitude of [Meyer's] prose".<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-36">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-36 <u>[37]</u>]</sup>
 
==Adaptations==
 
===Film===
 
Main article: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) <u>Twilight (2008 film)</u>]''Twilight'' was adapted into a film by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summit_Entertainment <u>Summit Entertainment</u>]. The film was directed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Hardwicke <u>Catherine Hardwicke</u>] and stars [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kristen_Stewart <u>Kristen Stewart</u>] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Pattinson <u>Robert Pattinson</u>] as protagonists [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan <u>Isabella Swan</u>] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Cullen <u>Edward Cullen</u>], respectively. The screenplay was adapted by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melissa_Rosenberg <u>Melissa Rosenberg</u>]. The movie was released in theaters in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States <u>United States</u>] on November 21, 2008,<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-movie_annoucement_37-0">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-movie_annoucement-37 <u>[38]</u>]</sup> and on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVD <u>DVD</u>] on March 21, 2009.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-38">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-38 <u>[39]</u>]</sup> The DVD was released in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia <u>Australia</u>] on April 22, 2009.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-39">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-39 <u>[40]</u>]</sup>
 
===Graphic novel===
 
On July 15, 2009, ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entertainment_Weekly <u>Entertainment Weekly</u>]'' confirmed rumors that a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graphic_novel <u>graphic novel</u>] adaptation of ''Twilight'' was in the works. The book will be drawn by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koreans <u>Korean</u>] artist Young Kim and published by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yen_Press <u>Yen Press</u>]. Stephenie Meyer reviews every panel herself. According to ''EW'', "it doesn't look simply like an artist's rendering of Kristen Stewart and Rob Pattinson. In fact, the characters seem to be an amalgam of Meyer's literary imagination and the actors' actual looks." ''EW'' magazine published finished illustrations of Edward, Bella, and Jacob in their July 17, 2009 issue.<sup class="reference" id="cite_ref-40">[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_note-40 <u>[41]</u>]</sup>
 
==References==
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-0 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.amazon.ca/Twilight-Stephenie-Meyer/dp/0316160172 <u>Twilight (Hardcover)</u>]". ''Amazon.ca''. [http://www.amazon.ca/Twilight-Stephenie-Meyer/dp/0316160172 <u>http://www.amazon.ca/Twilight-Stephenie-Meyer/dp/0316160172</u>]. Retrieved 2008-07-23.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-1 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.amazon.ca/Twilight-Stephenie-Meyer/dp/0316015849 <u>Twilight (Paperback)</u>]". ''Amazon.ca''. [http://www.amazon.ca/Twilight-Stephenie-Meyer/dp/0316015849 <u>http://www.amazon.ca/Twilight-Stephenie-Meyer/dp/0316015849</u>]. Retrieved 2008-07-23.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-2 <u>^</u>]''' Gregory Kirschling (2007-08-02). "[http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20049578,00.html <u>Stephenie Meyer's 'Twilight' Zone</u>]". Entertainment Weekly. [http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20049578,00.html <u>http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20049578,00.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-3 <u>^</u>]''' Mike Russell (2008-05-11). "[http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/movies/la-ca-twilight11-2008may11,0,5524758.story <u>'Twilight' taps teen-vampire romance</u>]". Los Angeles Times. [http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/movies/la-ca-twilight11-2008may11,0,5524758.story <u>http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/movies/la-ca-twilight11-2008may11,0,5524758.story</u>]. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-4 <u>^</u>]''' Rebecca Murray. "[http://movies.about.com/od/twilight/a/stephenie-meyer_3.htm <u>Interview with 'Twilight' Author Stephenie Meyer</u>]". About.com. [http://movies.about.com/od/twilight/a/stephenie-meyer_3.htm <u>http://movies.about.com/od/twilight/a/stephenie-meyer_3.htm</u>]. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
 
#^ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-time.com_5-0 <sup>'''''<u>a</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-time.com_5-1 <sup>'''''<u>b</u>'''''</sup>] [http://www.time.com/time/photoessays/10questions/0,30255,1833919_1752991,00.html <u>Her Literary Career - Stephenie Meyer</u>]
 
#^ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Children.27s_Books_-_New_York_Times_6-0 <sup>'''''<u>a</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Children.27s_Books_-_New_York_Times_6-1 <sup>'''''<u>b</u>'''''</sup>] "[http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/17/books/bestseller/0617bestchildren.html?scp=10&sq=the+new+girl+falls+love+vampire&st=nyt <u>Children's Books - New York Times</u>]". New York Times. 2007-06-17. [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/17/books/bestseller/0617bestchildren.html?scp=10&sq=the+new+girl+falls+love+vampire&st=nyt <u>http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/17/books/bestseller/0617bestchildren.html?scp=10&sq=the+new+girl+falls+love+vampire&st=nyt</u>]. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
 
#^ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Best_Children.27s_Books_of_2005_7-0 <sup>'''''<u>a</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Best_Children.27s_Books_of_2005_7-1 <sup>'''''<u>b</u>'''''</sup>] "[http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6280581.html <u>Best Children's Books of 2005</u>]". Publishers Weekly. 2005-11-03. [http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6280581.html <u>http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6280581.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-8 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2009-01-14-top-100-titles_N.htm <u>The top 100 titles of 2008</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA_Today <u>USA Today</u>]. 2009-01-14. [http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2009-01-14-top-100-titles_N.htm <u>http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2009-01-14-top-100-titles_N.htm</u>].
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-9 <u>^</u>]''' Gerri Miller. "[http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/inside-twilight.htm <u>Inside "Twilight"</u>]". HowStuffWorks. [http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/inside-twilight.htm <u>http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/inside-twilight.htm</u>]. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Turan_10-0 <u>^</u>]''' Kenneth Turan (2002-11-21). "[http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/la-et-twilight21-2008nov21,0,2444525.story <u>Movie Review: 'Twilight'</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LA_Times <u>LA Times</u>]. [http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/la-et-twilight21-2008nov21,0,2444525.story <u>http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/la-et-twilight21-2008nov21,0,2444525.story</u>]. Retrieved 2008-11-21.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-11 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=twilight08.htm <u>Twilight (2008)</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_Office_Mojo <u>Box Office Mojo</u>]. 2008-11-21. [http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=twilight08.htm <u>http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=twilight08.htm</u>]. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-12 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/2008/TWLIT-DVD.php <u>Twilight - DVD Sales</u>]". The Numbers. 2009-03-22. [http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/2008/TWLIT-DVD.php <u>http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/2008/TWLIT-DVD.php</u>]. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-apple_13-0 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/twilight_faq.html#apple <u>What's with the apple?</u>]". ''[http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/ <u>StephenieMeyer.com</u>]''. [http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/twilight_faq.html#apple <u>http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/twilight_faq.html#apple</u>]. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
 
#^ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-MTV_14-0 <sup>'''''<u>a</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-MTV_14-1 <sup>'''''<u>b</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-MTV_14-2 <sup>'''''<u>c</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-MTV_14-3 <sup>'''''<u>d</u>'''''</sup>] Larry Carroll (2008-05-09). "[http://moviesblog.mtv.com/2008/05/09/official-twilight-synopsis-sadly-lacking-in-ome-exclamations/ <u>Official ‘Twilight’ Synopsis Sadly Lacking In 'OME!' Exclamations</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MTV <u>MTV</u>]. [http://moviesblog.mtv.com/2008/05/09/official-twilight-synopsis-sadly-lacking-in-ome-exclamations/ <u>http://moviesblog.mtv.com/2008/05/09/official-twilight-synopsis-sadly-lacking-in-ome-exclamations/</u>]. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-15 <u>^</u>]''' Trevelyn Jones (2005-12-01). "[http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/article/CA6286432.html <u>Best Books 2005</u>]". School Library Journal. [http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/article/CA6286432.html <u>http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/article/CA6286432.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
 
#^ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-story_16-0 <sup>'''''<u>a</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-story_16-1 <sup>'''''<u>b</u>'''''</sup>] [http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/twilight.html <u>StephenieMeyer.com | The Story Behind ''Twilight''</u>]
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-17 <u>^</u>]''' Walker, Michael R. (Winter 2007). "[http://magazine.byu.edu/?act=view&a=1972 <u>A Teenage Tale With Bite</u>]". Brigham Young University Magazine. [http://magazine.byu.edu/?act=view&a=1972 <u>http://magazine.byu.edu/?act=view&a=1972</u>]. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Grossman_18-0 <u>^</u>]''' Lev Grossman (2008-04-24). "[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1734838,00.html <u>Stephenie Meyer: A New J.K. Rowling?</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_(magazine) <u>Time</u>]. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1734838,00.html <u>http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1734838,00.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-19 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://chbookstore.qwestoffice.net/fa2006-08.html <u>BookStories Interview with Stephenie Meyer</u>]". ''BookStories''. Changing Hands Bookstore. August 2006. [http://chbookstore.qwestoffice.net/fa2006-08.html <u>http://chbookstore.qwestoffice.net/fa2006-08.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-20 <u>^</u>]''' Damian Whitworth (2008-05-13). "[http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/article3917660.ece <u>Harry who? Meet the new J.K. Rowling</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Times <u>The Times</u>]. [http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/article3917660.ece <u>http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/article3917660.ece</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
 
#^ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Numbers_21-0 <sup>'''''<u>a</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Numbers_21-1 <sup>'''''<u>b</u>'''''</sup>] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Numbers_21-2 <sup>'''''<u>c</u>'''''</sup>] "[http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6559505.html <u>Stephenie Meyer By the Numbers</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publishers_Weekly <u>Publishers Weekly</u>]. 2008-12-05. [http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6559505.html <u>http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6559505.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08b-15.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-22 <u>^</u>]''' Cecelia Goodnow (2005-10-08). "[http://www.seattlepi.com/books/243782_vampire08.html <u>Debut writer shines with 'Twilight'</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Post-Intelligencer <u>Seattle Post-Intelligencer</u>]. [http://www.seattlepi.com/books/243782_vampire08.html <u>http://www.seattlepi.com/books/243782_vampire08.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-23 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.waterstones.com/waterstonesweb/navigate.do?pPageID=200000424 <u>Stephenie Meyer</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterstone%27s <u>Waterstone's</u>]. [http://www.waterstones.com/waterstonesweb/navigate.do?pPageID=200000424 <u>http://www.waterstones.com/waterstonesweb/navigate.do?pPageID=200000424</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-24 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2008-10-29-top-150-books_N.htm?loc=interstitialskip <u>USA Today's best-selling books of last 15 years</u>]". USA Today. 2008-10-30. [http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2008-10-29-top-150-books_N.htm?loc=interstitialskip <u>http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2008-10-29-top-150-books_N.htm?loc=interstitialskip</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-25 <u>^</u>]''' Mary Cadden (2009-01-15). "[http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2009-01-14-top-sellers-side_N.htm <u>New star authors made, old ones rediscovered in 2008</u>]". USA Today. [http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2009-01-14-top-sellers-side_N.htm <u>http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2009-01-14-top-sellers-side_N.htm</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-26 <u>^</u>]''' [http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/bio.html <u>StephenieMeyer.com | Official Bio</u>]
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-27 <u>^</u>]''' Amanda Craig (2006-01-14). "[http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/children/article1081930.ece <u>New-Age vampires stake their claim</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Times <u>The Times</u>]. [http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/children/article1081930.ece <u>http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/children/article1081930.ece</u>]. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-Amazon_28-0 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/0316015849/ref=dp_proddesc_0?ie=UTF8&n=283155&s=books <u>Editorial Reviews</u>]". Amazon.com. [http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/0316015849/ref=dp_proddesc_0?ie=UTF8&n=283155&s=books <u>http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/0316015849/ref=dp_proddesc_0?ie=UTF8&n=283155&s=books</u>]. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-29 <u>^</u>]''' Hillias J. Martin (2005-10-01). "[http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/article/CA446397.html?industryid=47085&q=twilight+meyer+review <u>Grades 5 and Up Reviews: October, 2005</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_Library_Journal <u>School Library Journal</u>]. [http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/article/CA446397.html?industryid=47085&q=twilight+meyer+review <u>http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/article/CA446397.html?industryid=47085&q=twilight+meyer+review</u>]. Retrieved 2008-11-16.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-30 <u>^</u>]''' Norah Piehl. "[http://www.teenreads.com/reviews/0316160172.asp <u>Review: Twilight</u>]". Teenreads.com. [http://www.teenreads.com/reviews/0316160172.asp <u>http://www.teenreads.com/reviews/0316160172.asp</u>]. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-stepheniemeyer.com_31-0 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://stepheniemeyer.com/twilight_reviews.html <u>Stephenie Meyer's official website — Twilight reviews</u>]". [http://stepheniemeyer.com/twilight_reviews.html <u>http://stepheniemeyer.com/twilight_reviews.html</u>]. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-32 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/0316015849/ref=dp_proddesc_0?ie=UTF8&n=283155&s=books <u>''Booklist'' Review at Amazon.com</u>]". ''Amazon.com''. [http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/0316015849/ref=dp_proddesc_0?ie=UTF8&n=283155&s=books <u>http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/0316015849/ref=dp_proddesc_0?ie=UTF8&n=283155&s=books</u>]. Retrieved 2008-07-23.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-33 <u>^</u>]''' Christopher Middleton (2009-08-07). "[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookclub/5989699/Twilight-high-school-drama-with-a-bloody-twist.html <u>Twilight: high school drama with a bloody twist</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Daily_Telegraph <u>The Daily Telegraph</u>]. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookclub/5989699/Twilight-high-school-drama-with-a-bloody-twist.html <u>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookclub/5989699/Twilight-high-school-drama-with-a-bloody-twist.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-34 <u>^</u>]''' Jennifer Hawes (2009-07-13). "[http://www.postandcourier.com/news/2009/jul/13/living_real_life_romance88905/ <u>Living a real-life romance</u>]". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Post_and_Courier <u>The Post and Courier</u>]. [http://www.postandcourier.com/news/2009/jul/13/living_real_life_romance88905/ <u>http://www.postandcourier.com/news/2009/jul/13/living_real_life_romance88905/</u>]. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-35 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://search.barnesandnoble.com/Twilight/Stephenie-Meyer/e/9780316160179 <u>''Kirkus'' Review at B&N.com</u>]". ''B&N.com''. [http://search.barnesandnoble.com/Twilight/Stephenie-Meyer/e/9780316160179 <u>http://search.barnesandnoble.com/Twilight/Stephenie-Meyer/e/9780316160179</u>]. Retrieved 2008-07-23.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-36 <u>^</u>]''' Brian MacArthur (2009-11-13). "[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/6554803/100-books-that-defined-the-noughties.html <u>100 books that defined the noughties</u>]". ''telegraph.co.uk''. Telegraph Media Group. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/6554803/100-books-that-defined-the-noughties.html <u>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/6554803/100-books-that-defined-the-noughties.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-11-17.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-movie_annoucement_37-0 <u>^</u>]''' "[http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/index.html <u>Stephenie Meyer's official website — Twilight news archive</u>]". [http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/index.html <u>http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/index.html</u>]. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-38 <u>^</u>]''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summit_Entertainment <u>Summit Entertainment</u>] (2009-03-22). "[http://news.prnewswire.com/DisplayReleaseContent.aspx?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/03-22-2009/0004992497&EDATE= <u>Summit Home Entertainment's Saturday Release of Twilight Unleashes With Over 3 Million Units Sold</u>]". Press release. [http://news.prnewswire.com/DisplayReleaseContent.aspx?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/03-22-2009/0004992497&EDATE= <u>http://news.prnewswire.com/DisplayReleaseContent.aspx?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/03-22-2009/0004992497&EDATE=</u>]. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-39 <u>^</u>]''' Gillian Cumming (2009-04-19). "[http://www.news.com.au/couriermail/story/0,23739,25346651-5003424,00.html <u>Stephanie Meyer reflects on bright Twilight as DVD looms</u>]". The Courier Mail. [http://www.news.com.au/couriermail/story/0,23739,25346651-5003424,00.html <u>http://www.news.com.au/couriermail/story/0,23739,25346651-5003424,00.html</u>]. Retrieved 2009-04-21.
 
#'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(novel)#cite_ref-40 <u>^</u>]''' Tina Jordan (2009-07-15). "[http://shelf-life.ew.com/2009/07/15/twilight-comic-book-manga/ <u>'Twilight' exclusive: Graphic novel version on the way!</u>]". Entertainment Weekly. [http://shelf-life.ew.com/2009/07/15/twilight-comic-book-manga/ <u>http://shelf-life.ew.com/2009/07/15/twilight-comic-book-manga/</u>]. Retrieved 2009-07-16.
 
==External links==
 
{| style="font-size: 85%; background: #f9f9f9; line-height: 110%"
 
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| style="padding-right: 0.2em; padding-left: 0.2em; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-top: 0px"|'''''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Twilight <u>Twilight portal</u>]'''''
 
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| class="mbox-image"|[http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Special:Search/Twilight_(novel) <u></u>]
 
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has a collection of quotations related to: '''''[http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Special:Search/Twilight_(novel) <u>Twilight (novel)</u>]'''''
 
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*[http://www.stepheniemeyer.com/ <u>Stephenie Meyer - Official Website</u>]
 
*[http://www.thetwilightsaga.com/ <u>Official Twilight Saga Website</u>]
 
 
 
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! class="navbox-title" colspan="2"|[<u>hide</u>][http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Twilight <u>v</u>] • [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template_talk:Twilight <u>d</u>] • [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Twilight&action=edit <u>e</u>]The ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(series) <u>Twilight</u>]'' series by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephenie_Meyer <u>Stephenie Meyer</u>]
 
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| class="navbox-group"|Novels
 
| class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="padding-right: 0px; padding-left: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; border-left: 2px solid; width: 100%; padding-top: 0px; text-align: left"|''Twilight · [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Moon_(novel) <u>New Moon</u>] · [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eclipse_(novel) <u>Eclipse</u>] · [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Dawn <u>Breaking Dawn</u>] · [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midnight_Sun_(novel) <u>Midnight Sun</u>]'' (unpublished)
 
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| class="navbox-group"|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Twilight_Saga_(film_series) <u>Film series</u>]
 
| class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="padding-right: 0px; padding-left: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; border-left: 2px solid; width: 100%; padding-top: 0px; text-align: left"|''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(2008_film) <u>Twilight</u>]'' ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twilight_(soundtrack) <u>soundtrack</u>]) · ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Twilight_Saga:_New_Moon <u>The Twilight Saga: New Moon</u>]'' ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Twilight_Saga:_New_Moon_(soundtrack) <u>soundtrack</u>]) · ''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Twilight_Saga:_Eclipse <u>The Twilight Saga: Eclipse</u>]'' · [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Twilight_cast_members <u>Cast members</u>]
 
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| class="navbox-group"|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Twilight_characters <u>Characters</u>]
 
| class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="padding-right: 0px; padding-left: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; border-left: 2px solid; width: 100%; padding-top: 0px; text-align: left"|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Swan <u>Bella Swan</u>] · [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Cullen <u>Edward Cullen</u>] · [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Black <u>Jacob Black</u>]
 
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| class="navbox-abovebelow" colspan="2"|[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Twilight_series <u>Category</u>]
 
· [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Twilight <u>Portal</u>]
 
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Latest revision as of 11:36, January 18, 2010

Alice CullenEdit

Alice Cullen (born Mary Alice Brandon) is the adopted daughter of Carlisle and Esme, adoptive sister of Edward, Rosalie, and Emmett, and wife of Jasper. Alice is described as being petite and pixie-like, with a graceful gait and hair that is short, spiky, and black. Her special ability is to see the future, an enhanced version of her ability to have premonitions as a human. However, her ability is limited; she is only able to see the outcome of a decision once it is made. Due to this, decisions made in the spur of the moment can not be foreseen. Alice can see futures involving humans and vampires, but is unable to see those of werewolves or half-breeds, such as Renesmee. In Breaking Dawn, Alice theorizes that she can see vampires very clearly because she is one, can see humans somewhat less clearly because she was one, and cannot see werewolves or half-breeds because she never was one. Alice is portrayed as being bubbly and optimistic, and loves and cares for Bella like a sister. She is also close to her brother Edward, and enjoys shopping, make-overs, and throwing parties. Alice's early history is vague, as she remembers nothing about her human life and woke up alone as a vampire. It is eventually revealed that she was born around 1901 in Biloxi, Mississippi, and was committed to an asylum because she had premonitions. Alice was transformed by an old vampire who worked at the asylum to protect her from James, a tracker vampire who was hunting her. After some research, Alice found her grave and discovered that the date on her tombstone matches the date of her admission to the asylum. Through her research she additionally discovered that she had a younger sister named Cynthia, and that Cynthia's daughter, Alice's niece, is still alive in Biloxi.

Throughout Twilight, Alice uses her ability to see the future and help Bella when she is in danger. The two soon become friends, loving each other like sisters. In New Moon, Alice foresees Bella jumping off a cliff and assumes she is trying to commit suicide, though Bella actually was partaking in the sport of cliff diving. Rosalie, believing Bella to be dead, informs Edward. After discovering the truth, Bella accompanies Alice to Italy to prevent Edward from killing himself. They are successful, but are taken to see the Volturi, who police the vampire world. Through Alice's premonitions, Aro is able to see that Bella will eventually become a vampire and invites her, Alice, and Edward to stay with them. They all refuse and return to Forks. In Eclipse, Alice, who proves to be an adept fighter, joins the fight to destroy a group of rampaging newborn vampires, created by Victoria in an effort to take revenge on Edward. Alice acts as Bella's maid of honor at her wedding in Breaking Dawn and helps care for Renesmee until leaving to search out a crossbreed after the Volturi plan to destroy Renesmee, believing her to be an immortal child. Alice is successful and the Volturi, convinced there is no threat, leave.

Ashley Greene plays Alice in the Twilight film series.[1]


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