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Minor crew members

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  DONKEY KONG FOR EVERBYDOY YOU AND YOU ANDF THISD PAGE AND THIS PAGE THE DONKEY KONG IS IN DK      This article is about the 1981 arcade game. For information about the 1994 remake, see Donkey Kong (Game Boy). For the character, see Donkey Kong.
Donkey Kong

The NES boxart.

Developer(s) Nintendo EAD

Intelligent Systems (NES port)

Publisher(s) Nintendo
Release date Arcade

July 9, 1981 NES port [2] July 15, 1983 [3] June, 1986 [4] October 15, 1986

Famicom Disk System: [5] April 8, 1988 [1] e-Reader: [6] September 16, 2002 [2] Game Boy Advance [7] February 14, 2004 [8] June 7, 2004 [9] July 10, 2004

Virtual Console (Wii) [10] November 19, 2006 [11] December 2, 2006 [12] December 7, 2006 [13] December 8, 2006

Virtual Console (3DS) [14] October 17, 2012

Virtual Console (Wii U) [15] July 15, 2013 [16] July 15, 2013 [17] July 15, 2013

Genre Platformer
Mode(s) Up to 2 players, alternating turns
Cabinet Standard, mini and cocktail
Monitor Raster, standard resolution 224 x 256 (Vertical) 256 Colors
Input Arcade:Control padNES:[18] NES ControllerWii:[19] Wii Remote (Sideways)[20] Wii Classic Controller[21] Nintendo GameCube ControllerNintendo 3DS:[22] Control pad

Donkey Kong was an arcade game that was Nintendo's first big hit in North America. It also marked the first appearance of Mario (originally known as "Jumpman", a carpenter) and of the original Donkey Kong. A version of the game was also created later for the Nintendo Entertainment System, Nintendo's first home console. The game sold well in the United States, becoming one of four games to be inducted into the Nintendo Hall of Fame. The original arcade version had four screen levels, but the Nintendo Entertainment System version only has three, with the stage 50m cut from this version.



Donkey Kong has escaped from his owner, Mario, and kidnapped Mario's girlfriend, Pauline (originally known as Lady), taking her to the top of a construction site. Mario must climb to the top of this construction site and rescue Pauline from the giant ape.

Official story quoted from Nintendo of America

[23][24]The flier for the game, which was handed out in arcades, toy stores and such."HELP! HELP!" cries the beautiful damsel in distress as she is dragged up a labyrinth of structural beams by the ominous Donkey Kong. "SNORT. SNORT." Foreboding music warns of the eventual doom that awaits the poor girl, lest she be miraculously rescued. "But wait! Fear not, fair maiden. Little Mario, the carpenter, is in hot pursuit of you this very moment."

Throwing fate to the wind, risking life and limb, or worse, little Mario tries desperately to climb the mighty fortress of steel, to save the lovely lady from the evil Mr. Kong. Little Mario must dodge all manner of obstacles- fireballs, plummeting beams and a barrage of exploding barrels fired at him by Donkey Kong. Amidst the beautiful girl's constant pleas for help, your challenge is to maneuver little Mario up the steel structure, while helping him to avoid the rapid-fire succession of hazards that come his way.

As little Mario gallantly battles his way up the barriers, he is taunted and teased by Donkey Kong, who brazenly struts back and forth, beating his chest in joyful exuberance at the prospect of having the beautiful girl all to himself. It is your job to get little Mario to the top. For it is there, and only there, that he can send the mighty Donkey Kong to his mortal doom. Leaving Little Mario and the beautiful girl to live happily ever after. "SIGH. SIGH."==Characters==





[25][26]The cabinetDonkey Kong was created when Shigeru Miyamoto, under the supervision of the late Gunpei Yokoi, was assigned by Nintendo to convert Radar Scope, a poorly selling arcade game in North America, into a game that would have more appeal to gamers. Shigeru Miyamoto later admitted that he did not focus on the story of the game. He also said that Jumpman (later to be renamed Mario) and the Lady were not intended to have a relationship, and he did not know where the connection idea came from, but he thought that it did not matter much. Regardless, the resulting game was a major breakthrough for Nintendo and for the video game industry, becoming one of the best selling arcade machines of its time. Its platforming gameplay also distinguished it from most other arcade games at the time. [27][28]Concept art for Mario.In 1982, around a year after the game's release, Universal Studios sued Nintendo, claiming that Donkey Kong infringed on Universal Studios' intellectual property rights to the film King Kong. Howard Lincoln, attorney and future president of Nintendo of America, decided to fight the case and hired seasoned attorney John Kirby to represent Nintendo. When Kirby showed that not only was Nintendo not in violation of any copyrights, but also that Universal Studios themselves had sued RKO Pictures in 1975 to prove that the plot of King Kong was in fact in the public domain, Judge Robert W. Sweet ruled in Nintendo's favor, ordering Universal to pay Nintendo $1.8 million in legal fees. In an ironic twist, Judge Sweet also ruled that Tiger's King Kong video game, licensed by Universal, infringed on Donkey Kong. After the victory, Nintendo awarded John Kirby with a $30,000 sailboat, christened the Donkey Kong, and gave him "exclusive worldwide rights to use the name for sailboats."


Main article: The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters

In 2007, a documentary film directed by Seth Gordon based off Donkey Kong was released. The film centers around high school teacher Steve Wiebe as he tries to achieve a world record for obtaining the highest score in the game, which is held by Billy Mitchell at the time.

Sequels and ports

[29]Mario (Jumpman) about to jump over a barrel.===Sequels=== Donkey Kong has four sequels to date.


In addition to the arcade version, Donkey Kong was ported into several other gaming systems and computers:

Donkey Kong was also re-released as part of two compilation games, Donkey Kong Classics and Donkey Kong/Donkey Kong Jr./Mario Bros., and it is featured as a playable extra in the following titles:


Main article: List of Donkey Kong staff


For this subject's image gallery, see Gallery:Donkey Kong (game).


[30][31]The arcade machine found in the Frantic Factory.*The twenty-second board is the final level of the game; Mario instantly dies within eight seconds of playing in the level, regardless of how many lives the player has left. This bug, known as a kill screen, happens due to a programming oversight in which the game does not have enough memory to continue. Games such as Pac-Man and Duck Hunt also have kill screens.

  • Donkey Kong was the second platformer ever made; the 1980 game Space Panic was the first.
  • Intelligent Systems' own website claims credit for developing the NES port for Nintendo, but neither the cartridge nor title screen mentions the company.
  • There is an alternate rendition of the game called Crazy Kong, which was apparently licensed by Nintendo for non-US market distribution. Home ports exist as well.
  • The Commodore 64-exclusive Mario's Brewery is based on Donkey Kong, although very little is known of its authenticity, and it is assumed to be a fangame or pirated copy of another game.
  • Mario is discolored on the boxart for Donkey Kong for the NES.

External links


  1. ^ Date info of Donkey Kong (FDS) from TMK, retrieved 11/25/2012
  2. ^ Date info of Donkey Kong (e-Reader) from TMK, retrieved 11/25/2012



[32][33]*This page was last modified on 15 July 2013, at 00:20.

List of minor crew members throughout the movie franchise.

Brown, Christopher

Christopher Brown served as an art director for the Twilight movie, along with Ian Phillips. His other works include the television series Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles, Mad Men, and Life.

Burwell, Carter


Carter Burwell

Carter Burwell (born November 18, 1955, in New York City) is a composer of film scores. He graduated from King School in Stamford, Connecticut and Harvard College. He has composed over 70 film scores, including the Twilight score. In January 2011, it was announced that he will score both Breaking Dawn films. His Imdb entry is here.

Chuck, Wendy


Wendy Chuck served as the costume designer for the Twilight movie. Her other works include Mr. Woodcock and The Ring Two. Wendy has collaborated with filmmaker Alexander Payne on three films, including his most recent award-winning hit “Sideways.” She previously designed the costumes for Payne's acclaimed films “About Schmidt,” starring Jack Nicholson, and “Election,” with Reese Witherspoon. She also served as the costume designer on the comedy hit “Bad Santa,” starring Billy Bob Thornton, and “Saved!,” starring Jena Malone and Macauley Culkin. Chuck won an Australian Film Institute Award nomination for Best Achievement in Costume Design for her very first feature film as a costume designer, “Country Life,” starring Sam Neill and Greta Scacchi. Her film credits also include “Strange Hearts,” “Sugar & Spice” “Auggie Rose” and “Varsity Blues.”Chuck began her career in her native Australia working in theater, opera, and television. She designed costumes for the Australian Opera Company and on many productions for ABC TV in Australia. After working on Jane Campion's telefilm “Two Friends,” she collaborated with Academy Award®-nominated costume designer Janet Patterson on Campion's “Portrait of a Lady” and “The Piano.”

Craytor, Molly

Molly Craytor served as an assistant make-up artist for the Twilight movie. Her other works include Management, The Ring Two, and Into the Wild.

Desplat, Alexandre

Composer Alex Mazur 56447475

Alexandre Desplat is a French composer. He composed the score for the film New Moon.[1] His Imdb entry is here.

Elliot, David


Elliot Davis was the cinematographer for the Twilight movie. His other works include Legally Blonde 2: Red White & Blonde, Independence Day, and Surfer, Dude.

Frank, Nicole

Nicole Frank served as the key hair stylist for Twilight. Her other works include the Star Trek movie, and the television shows Carpoolers and Desperate Housewives.

Godfrey, Wyck


Wyck Godfrey is a producer, and has produced famous movies such as Daddy Day Care, AVP: Alien Versus Predator, Eragon, and the Twilight movies. He also appeared as a wedding guest at the beginning of Breaking Dawn - Part 1. His Imdb entry is here.

Hart, Dana

Dana Hart is a costume designer for Twilight, along with Wendy Chuck. She also helped design for The Great Debaters, The Kingdom, Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby and Friday Night Lights.

Haynes, René


Rene Haynes

René Haynes was the casting director for New Moon, specifically responsible for the Quileute Native American casting.[2]

Marshall, Jamie


Jamie Marshall is the first assistant director for the Twilight movie.

Mooradian, Greg


Greg Mooradian is a producer, and has produced movies such as The Fan, Drumline, and Twilight.

Morgan, Mark

Mark Morgan was the executive producer of the Twilight and New Moon films.

Navarro, Guillermo


Guillermo Navarro is a Mexican cinematographer for both Breaking Dawn - Part 1 and Breaking Dawn - Part 2. He was born in 1955 in Mexico City. His Imdb entry is here.

Patsavas, Alexandra


Alexandra Patsavas was the music supervisor for the Twilight, New Moon, Eclipse, and Breaking Dawn film soundtracks. His Imdb entry is here.

Phillips, Ian

Ian Phillips served as art director for the Twilight film, along with Christopher Brown. His other works include the television shows Bones, Lincoln Heights, and CSI: Crime Scene Investigation.

Wilkinson, Michael


Michael Wilkinson

Michael Wilkinson served as the costume designer for Breaking Dawn - Part 1 and Breaking Dawn - Part 2. His other works include 300, Watchmen, Terminator Salvation, TRON: Legacy, and Sucker Punch. He also designed the costumes for the closing ceremony of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. His Imdb entry is here.

Richardson, Nancy


Nancy Richardson was an editor for the Twilight film. Her other works include Lords of Dogtown, thirteen, Selena, Stand and Deliver, Hendrix, Gotta Kick it Up!, American Violet, To Sleep with Anger, and Down in the Delta.

Rosenberg, Melissa


Melissa Rosenberg (born in 1962) is an American screenwriter for both film and television. Her credits include Dexter, The O.C., Step Up, and the films Twilight, New Moon, Eclipse and Breaking Dawn. His Imdb entry is here.

Rosenfelt, Karen


Karen Rosenfelt is the daughter of former MGM Chairman & CEO Frank Edward Rosenfelt. She also produced the Twilight movies. His Imdb entry is here.

Serdena, Gene

Gene Serdena served as a set decorator for the Twilight movie. Other works include Being John Malkovich, Adaptation, House of Sand and Fog, Three Kings, Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story, Holes, Zombieland, and The Fighter.

Shore, Howard Leslie

Doubt New York Premiere Arrivals -u0Dtep832ol

Howard Shore

Howard Leslie Shore (born October 18, 1946) is a Canadian composer, notable for his film scores. He has composed the scores for over 40 films, most notably the scores for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, for which he won three Academy Awards. He is also a consistent collaborator with director David Cronenberg, having scored all but one of his films since 1979. He is best known to this wiki for being the composer of the Eclipse score. His Imdb entry is here.

Smith, Jennifer L.

Jennifer L. Smith was a casting director for the Twilight movie, along with Deborah Aquila and Mary Tricia Wood. Her other works include Eagle Eye, Stephen King's: The Mist, and Evan Almighty.

Smith, Patrick Thomas

Patrick Thomas Smith was the associate producer for the Twilight film.

Wood, Mary Tricia

Mary Tricia Wood (born February 13, 1970) served as a casting director for the Twilight movie along with Deborah Aquila and Jennifer L. Smith. Her other works include Eagle Eye, Stephen King's The Mist, and the television series Life on Mars.


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